Berlin. Für Liebhaber von Industriearchitektur, Backsteinromantik und Lost Places ist Berlin Schöneweide eine der besten Fotolocations in Berlin. Die Tour führt euch vom S-Bahnhof Schöneweide am Spreeufer entlang, wo sich über eine Länge von drei Kilometern die früheren “Kathedralen der Arbeit” wie eine Perlenkette aufreihen. Nirgendwo sonst könnt ihr die Berliner Industriekultur auf so engem Raum erleben wie hier in “Elektropolis”. Die Industriedenkmäler aus dem gelben Oberschöneweider Klinker setzen noch heute Maßstäbe und verzaubern einen mit ihrer Geschichte und ihrem heutigen morbiden Charme.
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Highlights of the Photo Tour of Industrial Architecture in Berlin Schöneweide
- Backsteinromantik und “Oberschöneweider Klinker” im Stil der Neogotik und Neorenaissance
- Morbid charm of the vacant buildings
- Large window fronts and steep views
- Many details, old signs, writings, doors and reliefs
- Crane runway and crane house
Route to the Industrial Architecture in Berlin Oberschöneweide
The best way to get there is to take the S-Bahn to Schöneweidestation.The station building is already a nice introduction to the photowalk, because it is also built of bricks and currently also exudes a slightly morbid charm (construction work is being carried out).
At the end of the tour, you can take the streetcar line 60 or 67 in Wilhelminenhofstraße and be back at the Schöneweide S-Bahn station in a few minutes.
Here you can jump directly to the individual industrial sites:
#1 Bärenquell Brewery
#2 Treskow Bridge
#4 Rathenau Halls
#5 Reinbeckhallen and Industrial Salon
#6 Oberspree Power Station and Transformer Station
#7 Oberspree Cable Plant (KWO) and University Campus
#8 Crane Runway and Crane Cafe
#9 Peter Behres Building
#10 Batteries and Accumulators Factory
When is the best Time for a Photo Tour?
A Sunday is the best time for a tour of Berlin's industrial architecture. That's when there's the least traffic and you have peace and quiet for a relaxed search for motifs. The tour is interesting after an extensive rain, because then the buildings are reflected in the water surfaces. In addition, a rather soft light with cloudy sky. Das gibt dann euren Fotos einen “moody look”. Als ich unterwegs war kam jedoch die Sonne durch und der Himmel strahlte blau. Ich habe daher in der späteren Nachbearbeitung der Fotos etwas nachgeholfen und das Blau entsättigt. Denn so kommen die Gebäude viel besser zur Geltung.
Brief History of the Industrial Location Berlin Schöneweide
Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts wurde Berlin-Oberschöneweide zu einem der bedeutendsten städtischen Fabrikquartiere in Deutschland. Unter Federführung der Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG) öffneten hier das erste Drehstromkraftwerk Europas, ein modernes Kabelwerk sowie weitere Betriebe der Elektro- und Autoindustrie. Die Wasserlage am Spreeufer, die Nähe zur Eisenbahn sowie das ansässige Drehstromkraftwerk machten die Gegend zu einem perfekten Standort. Zudem gab es hier etwas, was es in dem Berliner Stadtzentrum nicht mehr gab: Platz. Fabriken und Fertigungshallen reihen sich rund drei Kilometer lang wie eine Perlenkette an dem Spreeufer auf. Die Architekten Peter Behrens, Osmar Klemm und Ernst Ziesel schufen hier eine einheitlich wirkende Fabrikstadt aus dem gelben Oberschöneweide-Klinker. “Elektropolis” war geboren.
Most of the factory buildings survived the two world wars unscathed. In GDR times, production continued here in Volkseigene Betriebe (VEB). With about 30,000 employees, Oberschöneweide was an important center of the energy industry at that time. With the fall of the Berlin Wall, however, most of the jobs were lost and the cathedrals of labor lost their significance. Today, some of the buildings are still empty. Of the long-established companies, only the Kabelwerk still produces in part of the halls originally used, as well as BAE Batterien GmbH. They are joined by a number of start-ups, small and medium-sized enterprises as well as artists and creative people. Since 2009, parts of the old cable factory have been used by the Berlin University of Applied Sciences. For other factory halls, such as the Rathenau Hallen, development for a new use is also planned in the near future.
Tip: However, the history of Berlin's industrial companies also has its dark sides. The Documentation Center for Nazi Forced Labor in Niederschöneweide is a reminder of these. Address: Britzer Strasse 5.
#1 Bärenquell Brewery
The first stop on the photo tour of industrial architecture in Berlin Schöneweide is the former Bärenquell Brewery. Beer was brewed here as early as 1882 at the Borussia Brewery. In 1898, the Borussia brewery was then bought by Schultheiss-Brauerei AG. During the GDR era, the six East Berlin breweries continued to operate as VEB Berliner Brauereien from 1959. The former Borussia brewery was then given the new name Bärenquell-Brauerei. After reunification, the Treuhand took over the company in 1990 and privatized it. Production continued for another four years and finally ceased on April 1, 1994. Since its closure, the site has changed hands several times. So far, there are no concrete plans for a new use and development. Instead, vandalism, theft and decay characterize the historic buildings.
The oldest buildings on the brewery grounds are the officials' residence (1882) and the administration building (1888). Both date back to the time of the Borussia brewery. Most of the other buildings were only erected between 1901 and 1928. The newest building is the New Brewhouse from 1969. All buildings are made of red brick, but in different architectural styles. One can find elements of Neo-Renaissance, Neo-Gothic with castle-like construction, Expressionism as well as Modernism. The old brewery has been a listed building since the 1980s.
Unfortunately, the area is not accessible, fenced with barbed wire and also video monitored. But there are some nice photo opportunities from the outside as well.
Address: Schnellerstraße 136 - 137
#2 Treskow Bridge
The Treskow Bridge is not an industrial building in itself, but you have a good view of the Spreehöfe and the Rathenau Hallen. Here you can live out your creativity and discover many interesting perspectives (see cover picture).
The first Treskow Bridge was opened in 1904. But already a few years later the bridge was no longer able to cope with the increasing traffic in the new industrial area Oberschöneweide. It was therefore replaced by a wider new bridge in 1934. Before the invasion of the Soviet troops, the German army finally blew up the Treskow Bridge and the neighboring Kaisersteg. It was not until 1954 that the sunken bridge parts were recovered from the Spree, processed and used for the construction of a new bridge.
#3 Spreehöfe / Lamp Factory
The industrial monument Spreehöfe combines the buildings of the old lamp factory R. Frister and the former gasworks.
The lamp factory was built from 1897 to 1900 and structurally expanded until 1920. However, in 1934 the lamp factory had to stop its production. Since then, the buildings have been used by a number of other companies, such as Metals Processing Schöneweide, the Society for Aviation Supplies, the VEB RFT Funkwerk Köpenick and, most recently, the Institute for Communications Engineering.
In 1898, the Oberspree gas works was built on the land next to the lamp factory. For a time there was even a telescopic gas tank of the Gasag here. In 1909 and 1937, the land became partly the property of Allgemeine Deutsche Metallwerke Oberschöneweide (ADMOS) and was completely taken over by ADMOS in 1998. In addition to the gasworks, which was located here until 1993, various other factories also used the site on the banks of the Spree.
After the reunification of Germany, the Spreehöfe industrial park was created here after numerous conversions under the new owner ADMOS Immobilien. The courtyards comprise 32 buildings, some of which are listed as historic monuments.
Address: 63 Edisonstrasse at the corner of 87-90 Wilhelminenhofstrasse.
Do you have enough memory for your photos?
Better take another SD card as a spare, because on the photo tour through Oberschöneweide there are countless motifs.
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#4 Rathenau Hallen - the Entrance to Elektropolis
Zusammen mit der Leuchtenfabrik bilden die Rathenau Hallen das Eingangsportal zu “Elektropolis”. Hier seht ihr auch gleich eines der markantesten Gebäude: die Großtransformatorenhalle mit den großen roten AEG Buchstaben am Giebel. Mit einer Spannweite von 35 m und einer Höhe von 22 m gehörte die Fabrikationshallen einst zu den größten in Berlin.
Auf dem weitläufigen Grundstück gibt es unendlich viele Fotomotive. Neben den Fassaden aus dem gelben “Oberschöneweider Klinker” und Glasfronten sind es die vielen kleinen Details, die entdeckt werden wollen. Türen, Fenster, rostige Gitter, Lampen, Schalter, Feuertreppen sowie Schilder und Aufschriften sind tolle Motive.
As early as 1899, the tool and machine factory German Niles-Werke AG was established here on the banks of the Spree. In the 1920s, AEG bought the site and moved the transformer factory from Berlin's Wedding district to Oberschöneweide. Already in the same year, construction of the large transformer hall began according to plans by the architect Ernst Ziesel. Until the 1940s, AEG constructed numerous other buildings here, creating around 4,000 jobs. During World War II, searchlights and ammunition casings were manufactured here. About a third of the workers were forced laborers at the time. After the war, operations were then resumed as VEB Transformatorenwerk. Until reunification, 4,000 employees were employed here, producing transformers, high-voltage switches and fuses. After reunification, AEG leased the site. However, due to declining orders, the plant had to close in 1996.
The factory buildings are still rented out to artists, crafts businesses and retailers for interim use. But in 2019, the heritage-protected halls were purchased by Basecamp. The plan is now to develop them into a cultural and office location with accommodation, co-working, gastronomy and more. Work is expected to begin as early as 2021 and be completed in 2025.
Address: Wilhelminenhofstrasse 83
#5 Reinbeckhallen and Oberschöneweide Industrial Salon
From the Rathenau Halls, the tour continues to the neighboring Reinbeck Halls. The former AEG halls are now an art and cultural center with an exhibition hall, event hall, project space, and a woodworking and printing workshop. Artists and creative people have moved into studios on the site. In addition to an informative exhibition on industrial architecture in Berlin, the Industriesalon Schöneweide also offers guided tours of Oberschöneweide. At Café Schöneweile you can also enjoy drinks and snacks, either on site or directly on the banks of the Spree. From there you have the best view of the Kaisersteg, the halls of the Kabelwerk and the former Oberspree power plant.
Industrial Salon Schöneweide
Elektropolis Tour Fri. 14:00, Sun. 12:00
#6 Oberspree Power Station and Transformer Station
The Oberspree Power Station was commissioned in 1897 as the first three-phase power station in Germany. Due to a higher current voltage, the electricity generated here could be efficiently transported over longer distances. This enabled AEG to bring electricity to households in Berlin as well as to the surrounding suburbs on a large scale. The power plant was a technical milestone at the time and also significantly promoted the development of the industrial location. The rapidly growing demand soon led to the expansion of the power plant.
The power plant was decommissioned in 1933 and the halls continued to be used by Kabelwerke Oberspree. The buildings, which like the neighboring industrial buildings are constructed of yellow clinker bricks, are now listed as historic monuments.
#7 Oberspree Cable Plant (KWO) and University Campus
Right next to the three-phase power plant, the Kabelwerk Oberspree (KWO) was opened in 1897. Here, cables, overseas lines as well as wires and insulation were manufactured. It was possible to dispense with the operation of steam power plants in the cable plant, because next door there was enough electricity for the use of new types of electric motors. At the time, the Oberspree cable plant was the most modern factory in Europe.But the factory was not only a highlight in technical terms. The yellow brick ensemble in neo-Gothic and neo-Renaissance stylewas also visually impressive. Today, the still preserved administrative and production buildings are listed as one of the most important ensembles of German industrial history.
Due to the good order situation, the factory premises were expanded by 62,000 m² in 1913 and new production halls were built. At the same time, the number of employees had risen to around 8,000 workers.
Fortunately, only parts of the cable plant were destroyed during the Second World War and production was subsequently resumed. In 1952, the plant became a state-owned enterprise (VEB) and was henceforth called VEB Kabelwerk Oberspree. After German reunification in 1990, the Treuhand took over the cable plant, followed two years later by a British company. But the demand was not sufficient and in 1995 cable production in Oberschöneweide ended. Today, cables are only produced in a small part of the factory. The largest part of the former factory, on the other hand, is used as a campus by the Berlin University of Applied Sciences.
Tip: Audio guides can be rented at the info point of the Wilhelminenhof campus, which present the grounds on a tour lasting about one hour. The MP3 files as well as the transcripts are also available for download here auch als Download.
Address: Wilhelminenhofstrasse 75 A
#8 Crane Runway and Crane House
Two special highlights of the Oberspree cable plant are the crane runway and the crane house on the banks of the Spree.
The old crane runway runs vertically between Wilhelminenhofstraße and the square at the Kaisersteg. Where the crane railroad ends at Wilhelminenhofstraße, the crane hook and the driver's cabin offer interesting motifs. The crane bar invites you next to the promenade under the old crane railroad for coffee, breakfast as well as snacks and cakes.
An equally interesting motif and cozy place to linger is the Crane House Café on the shore. Here you can find coffee specialties, cakes as well as delicious food in a cozy industrial style.
Addresses: Kranbar Wilhelminenhofstraße 80; Kranhauscafe Paul-Tropp-Straße 11
#9 Peter Behrens Building
The Peter Behrens Building was completed during World War I in 1917 after only two years of construction. The architect Peter Behrens set new standards with his modern multi-storey factory. For here, the separation of production, administration and public life was eliminated. Today, the building is considered a "monument to modern 20th century industrial culture in Berlin" and is therefore a listed building.
In 1901, the industrialist and founder of AEG, Emil Rathenau, founded the Neue Automobil-Gesellschaft AG (NAG). Not only cars and trucks were manufactured here, but also sports and luxury cars and the Berlin double-decker. During World War I, however, production was switched to war-related goods and the company was renamed the Nationale Automobil-Gesellschaft. In 1917, NAG finally moved into the new factory. The vehicles were produced here from top to bottom on the floors of the modern multi-storey factory. A total of 18 elevators with a load capacity of up to 6,000 kg were in use.
After automobile production ceased in 1934, the AEG subsidiary Telefunken moved in and produced radio tubes. During the GDR era, the Oberspreewerk manufactured television electronics here. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Samsung initially bought the building. Later, the next owner leased the space to various smaller businesses. In May 2019, Deutsche Immobilien Entwicklungs AG (DIE AG) finally purchased the site and plans to develop it.
Did you know? The Peter Behrens Building was a film location in the series Babylon Berlin.
Der quadratische Turm erinnert an einen Rathausturm, deswegen nennen manche den Bau auch das “Rathaus von Oberschöneweide”. Im Inneren des Turmes kommt man in eine lichtdurchflutete Treppenhalle, die von viergeschossigen Arkaden und umlaufenden Galerien umgeben ist.
Tip: The Schöneweide industrial salon offers guided tours. This includes climbing the 70-meter-high tower with panoramic terrace, tower café and breathtaking views.
Address: Ostendstrasse 1-4
#10 Batteries and Accumulators Factory
In 1899, the Gesellschaft für elektrische Unternehmungen built the first factory buildings for the Akkumulatorenwerke Oberspree AG. Here, portable lead accumulators and batteries were produced on behalf of AEG.
Aktiengesellschaft (AFA) took over the factory and produced, among other things, vehicles with electric drives and charging stations. During the GDR period and also after German reunification, production continued at the plant, but now under the name BAE GmbH. Today, BAE Batterien GmbH still produces batteries and accumulators. And not only at the site in Oberschöneweide but in over 80 countries.
Part of the accumulator plant from the first construction phase in the 1890s is even still preserved and can be visited from the outside. This includes the administration building and the main entrance to the factory premises, as well as a single hall. Here you can discover beautiful details, such as an old clock, tracks, old inscriptions or even rusty rollers of a sliding gate. In Ostendstraße, you can also see a 125-meter-long, single-story factory building made of clinker bricks from the 1920s. Other preserved structures are administrative and social buildings, which were built only at the time of the German division.
Address: Wilhelminenhofstrasse 68 and 69 to Ostendstrasse 30-33.
Book Recommendations for more Industrial Architecture in Berlin and Germany
You want to know even more about industrial architecture in Berlin and all over Germany and discover new photo locations? Then I have a lot of inspiration for trips and photo tours in Berlin for you. You can order the books easily at Amazon by clicking on the pictures. If you buy a book or another article via an affiliate link, I get a small commission and you help me to keep filling Fernweh-Motive with interesting articles. The product will not be more expensive for you.
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